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English name of common Indian Spices and Ingredients

by Manav Mishra

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Spices are very important part of Indian Cuisine, here is a list which I got on my old Hard Disk, and probably I got this info in some forwarded email. So, thought of sharing it here as we do have a recipes section here, moreover if you want to try cooking some Indian delight, this will be helpful for you. You can download a pdf of this from here

Spices and Herbs (Masala)

English Name

Hindi Name

Alkanet Root

Ratan Jot

Alum

Fitkari, Phitkari

Anise Seed

Choti Saunf, Suwa, Shopa

Arrowroot

Paniphal, Tikora

Asafoetida

Hing

Basil Holy

Tulsi

Bay Leaf Indian

Tej Patta

Black Cumin

Shahi Jeera, Himali Jeera, Kala Jeera

Black Mustard Seeds

Rai

Black Mustard seeds Cracked

Rai Kuria

Black Peppercorn

Kali Mirch

Black Rock salt

Sanchal, Kala Namak

Cardamom Black

Bari Elaichi

Cardamom Green

Choti Elaichi

Carom Seed

Ajwain

Cassia

Jangli Dalchini

Cayenne Pepper

Lal Mirch

Celery seeds

Ajmud

Cilantro

Hara Dhania Patta

Citric Acid

Nimboo Phool, Saji na Phool

Cinnamon

Dalchini

Cloves

Laung, Lavang

Coriander seeds

Dhania

Cumin seeds

Jeera

Curry Leaf

Meetha Neem Patta, Kari Patta

Dill

Soa

Fennel

Moti Saunf, Saunf

Fenugreek Leaves dried

Kasoori Methi

Fenugreek seeds

Methi Daane

Garcinia indica

Kokum

Garlic Fresh

Lassun

Ginger Fresh rhizome

Adrak

Ginger Dried rhizome

Saunth

Gold leaf edible

Sona Varak

Gum Katira Sap

Gond Katira

Green Chili

Hari Mirch, I use Serrano

Honey

Shahad

Illaichi

Chhoti elaichi

Licorice

Mulathi, Jethi-madh

Lime Pickling

Paan-Choona

Long Pepper

Pippali

Lotus seed pops

Makhna

Jaggery

Gur, Raw sugar cake Sources: Sugar cane, Palm

Mace

Javitri

Mango powder

Amchoor, Amchur …. Dried Tart Green Mango Powder

Mustard Seeds

Sarson, Rai

Mustard Seeds cracked

Rai Kuria

Mustard Oil

Sarson Tel

Nigella

Kalonji

Nutmeg

Jaifal

Onion

Piyaz

Paprika (Kashmiri Paprika)

Degi Mirch

Peppermint fresh

Podina

Pomegranate seeds

Anar-daana

Poppy Seeds

Khuskhus

Red Chili

Lal Mirch

Rose

Gulab

Rose water

Gulab jal

Sage

Kamarkas

Saffron

Kesar, Zaafraan

Salt

Namak

Salt Sea

Saindha Namak

Salt Sanchal Black

Kala Namak

Scallion

Hara Piyaz

Screwpine essence

Kewra

Sesame

Til

Silver edible leaf

Chandi Varak

Star Anis

Chakraphool

Sugar

Chini

Sumac

Sumaq

Tamarind

Imli

Turmeric

Haldi

Turmeric – Fresh rhizome

Kachi Haldi

Thyme

Ajwain ke phool for substitution purposes only

Vinegar

Sirka

White Pepper

Safed Mirch

Yeast Live sour dough

Khameer

Yeast

Samunder Jhag, Cuttle Stone soft rock, Toddy

Essence (generic) Khusboo, Attar, Ruh, Ittar

Rose Essence

Gulab-Jal

Screwpine Essence

Kewra

Vetiver Essence

Khas

Dried Fruits and Nuts (Mewa)

English Name

Hindi Name

Apricot dried

Khubani

Dates

Khajoor

Dates Dry skin

Chhohara

Fig

Anjeer

Gooseberry Indian (Emblica)

Amla

Prunes

Manukka

Raisins

Kishmish

Raisins seedless yellow

Sultana

Nuts and Seeds

Almonds

Badaam

Cantaloupe seed

Kharbooza ke beej

Cashews

Kajoo

Coconut

Naarial Khopra

Flaxseeds

Alsi

Gorgon Nut Puffed Kernel

Makhana

Peanuts

Mungphali

Pine Nuts

Chilgoza

Pistachio Nuts

Pista

Pistachio Soft

Chironghi

Pumpkin seeds

Kaddu Beej

Safflower

Kusam Kusumbo

Sesame Seed

Til

Sunflower

Sooraj-mukhi

Watermelon seed

Tarbooj ke beej

Walnuts

Akhroat/ Akhrot

Fruits(Phal)

Apple

Seb

Apricot

Jardaloo, Khumani

Avocado

Makhanphal

Banana

Kela

Cantaloupe

Kharbooja

Cranberry

Karonda.  In realty, Karonda is  ‘Natal Plum’

Fig

Anjir

Gooseberry Cape

Rasbhari

Grapes

Angoor

Grapefruit

Chakutra

Guavas

Amrood

Jackfruit

Kathal

Java Plum

Jamoon

Lime

Nimboo, Lemon does not exist but same as Nimboo

Loquat

Lokat

Lychee

Leechee

Mango

Aam

Mulberry

Shehtoot

Natal Plum

Karonda

Olives

Zetoon

Orange

Santra

Orange – Navel

Mosambi

Papaya

Papeeta

Peach

Aadoo

Pear

Nashpati

Pineapple

Anna-naas

Plum

Aloo-bukhaara

Pomegranate

Anar

Sapodilla Plum, Sapota

Chickoo

Star fruit

Kamrakh

Sugar cane

Ganna

Sweet Lime

Musambi

Watermelon

Tarbooj

Grains Lentils Flours

Barley

Jaun

Buckwheat

Kuttu

Cracked Wheat

Dalia

Cream of Wheat

Sooji

Farina

Sooji

Flour

Atta

Flour – Bread

Atta. Durum wheat whole-meal whole-grain flour

Flour – Chickpea

Besan

Flour – Pastry, All purpose

Maida. Super refined soft wheat flour

Maize

Makki

Millet – Barnyard

Jhungori

Millet – Finger

Ragi

Millet – Foxtail

Kheri

Millet – Great, Sorghum

Jowar

Millet – Little

Kodo

Millet – Pearl, Spiked

Bajara

Oats

Vilaiti Jaun

Rice

Chawal

Rice flattened flakes

Chewara, Poha

Rice puffed

Murmura

Semolina

Sooji, Rava

Sorghum

Jowar

Tapioca (Cassava)

Saboo-daana

Vermicelli

Seviyan

Wheat

Gehoon

Wheat flour

Gehoon Atta

Legume Beans

Alubia

Safed Rajma

Black Matpe (Black beans)

Urad

Chickpea

Chana, Desi Chana, Kabuli Chana

Fava

Vaal, Sem

Field pea split

Matar Dal

Garbanzo Beans

Kabuli Chana

Mung Beans

Moong

Red Kidney Bean

Rajma

Lentil

Masoor

Pigeon peas

Arhar, Toor

Soya bean

Bhatma

Whole beans

Sabut

Split beans

Dal

Split skinless black chickpeas

Chana Dal

Decorticated Skinless beans

Dhuli

MeatsFowls Fish Oragns

Meats

Beef

Gai ka Gosht

Cow

Gai

Goat

Bakra ka Gosht

Meat generic

Gosht

Pork

Sooer  ka Gosht

Rabbit

Khargosh

Venison

Hiran ka Gosht

Fowl

Chicken

Murghi

Squab

Chooza

Duck

Battakh

Egg

Anda

Goose

Bada-Battakh

Guinea fowl

Bada-Teetar

Partridge

Teeter

Pigeon

Kabutar

Quail grey

Battar

Parts Organs

Bone

Haddi

Brains

Bheja, Magaz

Feet (Trotters)

Paya

Head

Sir, Matha

Heart

Dil

Intestines

Vajri

Kidney

Gurda

Leg

Raan

Liver

Kaleja

Lung

Phaypara

Marrow

Guda

Minced ?ground Meat

Keema

Stomach

Ojhari, But

Stomach Skin

Bhuri

Spleen

Tilli

Testicles

Kapura

Tongue

Zabaan, Jeeb

Udder

Khiri

Fish Seafood

Bombay Duck

Bombil,Bumallo.

Butter Fish Indian

Pabda, Puptai

Carp varieties

Rohu, Rui

Cat Fish

Sangtam

Clams

Teesrya

Cod Rock

Gobro

Crabs

Kekda, Kurlya

Fish generic

Machli

Herring

Bhing

King Fish

Surmai, Visonu

Lady Fish

Kane, Nogli

Mackerel

Bangda

Mullet

Boi, Parshey, Andawari, Shevto

Mussels

Teesari

Pearl Spot

Karimeen

Perch Climbing

Koi Machli

Pomfret

Paplet

Pomfret,silver

Chandava

Prawn

Jhinga, Chingri, Chemen, Sungat

Red Snapper

Rane

Roe

Machli Anda

Salmon Indian

Raavas

Sardines

Pedvey

Sawfish

Kandere

Shark

Zori

Shad Indian

Llish Hilsa

Silver belley

Surgutta

Snake head

Murrai

Sole

Repti, Morrul

Sorrel Red

Chukka Sag

Squid

Samudra-pheni (or feni)

Tuna

Chura

Turbot – Indian

Kuppa machli

Turtle

Kachhua

White bait

Katai

Vegetables(Subzi)

Aloe Vera

Gawar Patha

Beans Cluster fresh

Gowar ki phalli

Beans French fresh

Pharas Beans

Aubergine

Baingan

Beet root

Chukandar

Bell Pepper, Capsicum

Simla Mirch

Celery

Ajmud

Cabbage

Bandh-Gobi

Carrot

Gaajar

Cauliflower

Phool-Gobi

Cilantro

Hara Dhania

Colocasia, Taro, Eddo

Arbi, Arvi

Cluster beans

Guar-phali

Corn Kernel

Makki

Corn on the cob

Bhutta

Cowpea

Lobhia

Cucumber

Kheera

Cucumber English Skinny

Kakri

Eggplant

Baingen

Gourd – Ash

Petha

Gourd – Bitter

Karela

Gourd – Bottle

Ghiya. Lauki

Gourd – Ridged

Torai

Gourd – Snake

Chichinda

Jackfruit

Kathal

Kohl Rabi

Ganth Gobhi

Lotus stem

Bhein, Kamal Kakri

Mushrooms

Khumbi

Mustard Greens

Sarson Patta

Natal Plum

Karonda

Okra

Bhindi

Onion

Piyaaz

Peas Green

Mattar

Peppermint Leaves Fresh

Hara Podina

Potato

Aloo

Pumpkin

Kaddu. In Reality Kaddu is closer to butternut squash

Radish

Mooli

Red Sorrel

Chukka Leaves

Scallion

Hari Piyaz

Spinach

Paalak

Sweet Potato

Shakar-kandi

Tomato

Tamatar

Turnip

Shalgam

Water Chestnuts Indian

Singhaara

Taste Expressions

Aroma

Khush-boo, Sugandh

Bad

Kharaab

Burnt

Jalaa

Bland

Feeka

Cold

Thunda

Fresh

Taaza

Good

Bhariya … “Achha is just okay”

Gravy

Tari, Rasa, Salan, Shorba

Hot

Garam

Mash

Bharta

Raw

Kuchaa

Reeks

Bad-boo

Ripe

Pukka

Rotten

Galaa

Salty

Namkeen

Savory

Chat-pata

Sharp

Teekha

Sour

Khatta

Stale

Baasi

Sweet

Meetha

Tasty

Swaad

Cooking Tools

Hindi Name

English/Explanation

Atta Chhalni

Flour sifter

Belan

Rolling pin

Bhigona

Cooking pot with a lid

Chakla

Stone rolling board

Chakku

Knife

Chalini

Sieve

Chamcha

Large Spoon (Approximately Tablespoon)

Chamchi

Small Spoon (Approximately half teaspoon)

Chimta

Tongs

Choolah

U-shaped traditional stove

Degchi

Brass or Copper cooking pot, narrow neck, round bottom

Donga

Large mixing or serving bowl

Ghara

Large earthen pot to store food or water

Handi

Earthen cooking pot, narrow neck, round bottom

Hamam Dasta

Mortar & Pestle.

Imrit Baan

Pickling Crock made of Porcelain

Kaddu Kas

Grater

Kalchhi

Spoon Ladle

Karahi

Traditional Indian Wok.

Katori

Small curry bowl

Palta

Turner

Sancha

Mould

Seekh

Skewer

Sil Batta

Flat black stone and a Triangular Stone to crush spices with

Surahi

Long neck earthen pot used to store water

Tandoor

Drum shaped clay oven

Tarazoo

Weigh Scale

Tawa

Iron griddle to make bread

Common Dairy Products

Chach, Mattha

Churned homemade Yogurt with butter removed

Chenna

Cheese similar to small curd cheese

Dahi

Homemade Yogurt

Doodh

Milk

Ghee

Rendered butter

Khoya

Reduced whole milk

Kheer

Rice Pudding

Lassi

Churned homemade Yogurt

Makhan

Butter

Malai

Cream

Paneer

Cheese similar to farmer’s pot cheese

Raita

Cold Yogurt Soup

Common Breads

Baati

Bread looking like bun cooked over ambers in Rajasthan

Bhature

Deep fried Maida flat bread

Chapati

Basic whole wheat un-leavened flat bread, aka Roti

Kulcha

Baked Maida flat bread

Naan

Leavened flat bread baked in clay oven.

Paratha

Griddle Fried flat bread

Phulka

Light weight version of Basic whole wheat bread (Roti)

Poori

Deep fried flat puffed bread

Poori Loach

Deep fried Maida flat puffed bread

Roomali

Very Very thin bread

Roti

Basic whole wheat un-leavened flat bread, aka Chapati

Roti Missy

Multi grain basic flat bread

Roti Makki

Corn (Maze) basic flat bread

General Terms

Beverages

Chai

Hot tea

Daroo

Country Liquor

Kanji

Fermented Carrot beverage

Paani

Water

Sharab

Alcohol

Shikanjami

Limeade

Thandaii

Sweet Beverage made with combination of seeds and nuts

Toddy

Natural sap wine collected from Palm trees.

Desserts

Burfee

Diamond shaped cake from reduced milk or Garbanzo flour.

Chikki

Form of brittle, commonly made with peanuts or cashews

Firni

Rice flour pudding

Gajak

Form of Fudge, commonly made with sesame seeds

Halva-Carrot

Carrot cake

Halva-Sooji

Cream of wheat cake

Kheer

Rice Pudding

Rasgulla

Cheese balls in syrup

Miscellaneous

Achaar

Pickle

Bhagar, Tarka

Tempering Dal

Bharta

Mashed food

Bharwa

Stuffed

Bhajji

Batter laced minced food Pattie

Bhujia

Damp Dry Curry

Bhurji

Damp Dry Curry

Bhuna

Pan fried or Pan roasted

Dal

Legume soup

Dhansak

Parsi curry with legumes

Do Piyaz

Damp curry containing half or more onions

Dosa

South Indian Rice/Bean crepe

Idli

South Indian Rice/Bean dumpling

Guda

Pulp

Kebab

Whole food roasted

Kofta

Meatball shaped minced food dish

Korma (Qorma)

Mild aromatic curry made with yogurt and nuts

Khameer

Yeast

Khasta

Flaky or crumbly

Kheer

Rice Pudding

Khichree

Rice and Beans cooked together

Makhni

Buttery Curry

Non-vegetarian

Maasahari

Pakora

Deep fried fritter

Papadom

Papad Thin wafer cracker

Pasanda

Mild aromatic vegetable or meat curry made with yogurt

Phitkari

Alum

Pickle

Achar

Pilaf, Pulao

Pulao  Rice cooked with Vegetables Meat spices

Rind or Peel

Chilka

Rogan Josh

Bright red color meat curry from Kashmir

Samosa

Conical shaped deep fried stuffed pastry

Sugar Syrup

Chaasni

Tari

Broth like curry

Tikka

Whole- muscle or chunk food roasted or baked

Tikki

Minced food Patty

Vegetarian

Shakahari

Vindaloo

A spicy hot Portuguese style (Goa) curry

Colors

Black

Kaala

Blue

Neela

Brown

Saanvla, Khaki

Crimson

Lohit (Bloody), Gehra Lal Rung

Deeper shade

Gehra Rung

Green

Hara

Grey

Bhoora Rung

Indigo

Gehra Neela Rung

Lighter shade

Halka Rung

Maroon

Anaabi Rung

Orange

Naarangi

Pink

Gulabi

Purple

Jamni

Red

Lal

Saffron

Kesari

Violet

Baingani Rung

Yellow

Peela

White

Safed

Disclaimer : Like I said I did not create the list and I give the full credit to the person who made this list. He or may be She has done an awesome job here. Thanks .

Downloads from here

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