English name of common Indian Spices and Ingredients

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Spices are very important part of Indian Cuisine, here is a list which I got on my old Hard Disk, and probably I got this info in some forwarded email. So, thought of sharing it here as we do have a recipes section here, moreover if you want to try cooking some Indian delight, this will be helpful for you. You can download a pdf of this from here

Spices and Herbs (Masala)
English Name Hindi Name
Alkanet Root Ratan Jot
Alum Fitkari, Phitkari
Anise Seed Choti Saunf, Suwa, Shopa
Arrowroot Paniphal, Tikora
Asafoetida Hing
Basil Holy Tulsi
Bay Leaf Indian Tej Patta
Black Cumin Shahi Jeera, Himali Jeera, Kala Jeera
Black Mustard Seeds Rai
Black Mustard seeds Cracked Rai Kuria
Black Peppercorn Kali Mirch
Black Rock salt Sanchal, Kala Namak
Cardamom Black Bari Elaichi
Cardamom Green Choti Elaichi
Carom Seed Ajwain
Cassia Jangli Dalchini
Cayenne Pepper Lal Mirch
Celery seeds Ajmud
Cilantro Hara Dhania Patta
Citric Acid Nimboo Phool, Saji na Phool
Cinnamon Dalchini
Cloves Laung, Lavang
Coriander seeds Dhania
Cumin seeds Jeera
Curry Leaf Meetha Neem Patta, Kari Patta
Dill Soa
Fennel Moti Saunf, Saunf
Fenugreek Leaves dried Kasoori Methi
Fenugreek seeds Methi Daane
Garcinia indica Kokum
Garlic Fresh Lassun
Ginger Fresh rhizome Adrak
Ginger Dried rhizome Saunth
Gold leaf edible Sona Varak
Gum Katira Sap Gond Katira
Green Chili Hari Mirch, I use Serrano
Honey Shahad
Illaichi Chhoti elaichi
Licorice Mulathi, Jethi-madh
Lime Pickling Paan-Choona
Long Pepper Pippali
Lotus seed pops Makhna
Jaggery Gur, Raw sugar cake Sources: Sugar cane, Palm
Mace Javitri
Mango powder Amchoor, Amchur …. Dried Tart Green Mango Powder
Mustard Seeds Sarson, Rai
Mustard Seeds cracked Rai Kuria
Mustard Oil Sarson Tel
Nigella Kalonji
Nutmeg Jaifal
Onion Piyaz
Paprika (Kashmiri Paprika) Degi Mirch
Peppermint fresh Podina
Pomegranate seeds Anar-daana
Poppy Seeds Khuskhus
Red Chili Lal Mirch
Rose Gulab
Rose water Gulab jal
Sage Kamarkas
Saffron Kesar, Zaafraan
Salt Namak
Salt Sea Saindha Namak
Salt Sanchal Black Kala Namak
Scallion Hara Piyaz
Screwpine essence Kewra
Sesame Til
Silver edible leaf Chandi Varak
Star Anis Chakraphool
Sugar Chini
Sumac Sumaq
Tamarind Imli
Turmeric Haldi
Turmeric – Fresh rhizome Kachi Haldi
Thyme Ajwain ke phool for substitution purposes only
Vinegar Sirka
White Pepper Safed Mirch
Yeast Live sour dough Khameer
Yeast Samunder Jhag, Cuttle Stone soft rock, Toddy
Essence (generic) Khusboo, Attar, Ruh, Ittar
Rose Essence Gulab-Jal
Screwpine Essence Kewra
Vetiver Essence Khas
Dried Fruits and Nuts (Mewa)
English Name Hindi Name
Apricot dried Khubani
Dates Khajoor
Dates Dry skin Chhohara
Fig Anjeer
Gooseberry Indian (Emblica) Amla
Prunes Manukka
Raisins Kishmish
Raisins seedless yellow Sultana
Nuts and Seeds
Almonds Badaam
Cantaloupe seed Kharbooza ke beej
Cashews Kajoo
Coconut Naarial Khopra
Flaxseeds Alsi
Gorgon Nut Puffed Kernel Makhana
Peanuts Mungphali
Pine Nuts Chilgoza
Pistachio Nuts Pista
Pistachio Soft Chironghi
Pumpkin seeds Kaddu Beej
Safflower Kusam Kusumbo
Sesame Seed Til
Sunflower Sooraj-mukhi
Watermelon seed Tarbooj ke beej
Walnuts Akhroat/ Akhrot
Fruits(Phal)
Apple Seb
Apricot Jardaloo, Khumani
Avocado Makhanphal
Banana Kela
Cantaloupe Kharbooja
Cranberry Karonda.  In realty, Karonda is  ‘Natal Plum’
Fig Anjir
Gooseberry Cape Rasbhari
Grapes Angoor
Grapefruit Chakutra
Guavas Amrood
Jackfruit Kathal
Java Plum Jamoon
Lime Nimboo, Lemon does not exist but same as Nimboo
Loquat Lokat
Lychee Leechee
Mango Aam
Mulberry Shehtoot
Natal Plum Karonda
Olives Zetoon
Orange Santra
Orange – Navel Mosambi
Papaya Papeeta
Peach Aadoo
Pear Nashpati
Pineapple Anna-naas
Plum Aloo-bukhaara
Pomegranate Anar
Sapodilla Plum, Sapota Chickoo
Star fruit Kamrakh
Sugar cane Ganna
Sweet Lime Musambi
Watermelon Tarbooj
Grains Lentils Flours
Barley Jaun
Buckwheat Kuttu
Cracked Wheat Dalia
Cream of Wheat Sooji
Farina Sooji
Flour Atta
Flour – Bread Atta. Durum wheat whole-meal whole-grain flour
Flour – Chickpea Besan
Flour – Pastry, All purpose Maida. Super refined soft wheat flour
Maize Makki
Millet – Barnyard Jhungori
Millet – Finger Ragi
Millet – Foxtail Kheri
Millet – Great, Sorghum Jowar
Millet – Little Kodo
Millet – Pearl, Spiked Bajara
Oats Vilaiti Jaun
Rice Chawal
Rice flattened flakes Chewara, Poha
Rice puffed Murmura
Semolina Sooji, Rava
Sorghum Jowar
Tapioca (Cassava) Saboo-daana
Vermicelli Seviyan
Wheat Gehoon
Wheat flour Gehoon Atta
Legume Beans
Alubia Safed Rajma
Black Matpe (Black beans) Urad
Chickpea Chana, Desi Chana, Kabuli Chana
Fava Vaal, Sem
Field pea split Matar Dal
Garbanzo Beans Kabuli Chana
Mung Beans Moong
Red Kidney Bean Rajma
Lentil Masoor
Pigeon peas Arhar, Toor
Soya bean Bhatma
Whole beans Sabut
Split beans Dal
Split skinless black chickpeas Chana Dal
Decorticated Skinless beans Dhuli
MeatsFowls Fish Oragns
Meats
Beef Gai ka Gosht
Cow Gai
Goat Bakra ka Gosht
Meat generic Gosht
Pork Sooer  ka Gosht
Rabbit Khargosh
Venison Hiran ka Gosht
Fowl
Chicken Murghi
Squab Chooza
Duck Battakh
Egg Anda
Goose Bada-Battakh
Guinea fowl Bada-Teetar
Partridge Teeter
Pigeon Kabutar
Quail grey Battar
Parts Organs
Bone Haddi
Brains Bheja, Magaz
Feet (Trotters) Paya
Head Sir, Matha
Heart Dil
Intestines Vajri
Kidney Gurda
Leg Raan
Liver Kaleja
Lung Phaypara
Marrow Guda
Minced ?ground Meat Keema
Stomach Ojhari, But
Stomach Skin Bhuri
Spleen Tilli
Testicles Kapura
Tongue Zabaan, Jeeb
Udder Khiri
Fish Seafood
Bombay Duck Bombil,Bumallo.
Butter Fish Indian Pabda, Puptai
Carp varieties Rohu, Rui
Cat Fish Sangtam
Clams Teesrya
Cod Rock Gobro
Crabs Kekda, Kurlya
Fish generic Machli
Herring Bhing
King Fish Surmai, Visonu
Lady Fish Kane, Nogli
Mackerel Bangda
Mullet Boi, Parshey, Andawari, Shevto
Mussels Teesari
Pearl Spot Karimeen
Perch Climbing Koi Machli
Pomfret Paplet
Pomfret,silver Chandava
Prawn Jhinga, Chingri, Chemen, Sungat
Red Snapper Rane
Roe Machli Anda
Salmon Indian Raavas
Sardines Pedvey
Sawfish Kandere
Shark Zori
Shad Indian Llish Hilsa
Silver belley Surgutta
Snake head Murrai
Sole Repti, Morrul
Sorrel Red Chukka Sag
Squid Samudra-pheni (or feni)
Tuna Chura
Turbot – Indian Kuppa machli
Turtle Kachhua
White bait Katai
Vegetables(Subzi)
Aloe Vera Gawar Patha
Beans Cluster fresh Gowar ki phalli
Beans French fresh Pharas Beans
Aubergine Baingan
Beet root Chukandar
Bell Pepper, Capsicum Simla Mirch
Celery Ajmud
Cabbage Bandh-Gobi
Carrot Gaajar
Cauliflower Phool-Gobi
Cilantro Hara Dhania
Colocasia, Taro, Eddo Arbi, Arvi
Cluster beans Guar-phali
Corn Kernel Makki
Corn on the cob Bhutta
Cowpea Lobhia
Cucumber Kheera
Cucumber English Skinny Kakri
Eggplant Baingen
Gourd – Ash Petha
Gourd – Bitter Karela
Gourd – Bottle Ghiya. Lauki
Gourd – Ridged Torai
Gourd – Snake Chichinda
Jackfruit Kathal
Kohl Rabi Ganth Gobhi
Lotus stem Bhein, Kamal Kakri
Mushrooms Khumbi
Mustard Greens Sarson Patta
Natal Plum Karonda
Okra Bhindi
Onion Piyaaz
Peas Green Mattar
Peppermint Leaves Fresh Hara Podina
Potato Aloo
Pumpkin Kaddu. In Reality Kaddu is closer to butternut squash
Radish Mooli
Red Sorrel Chukka Leaves
Scallion Hari Piyaz
Spinach Paalak
Sweet Potato Shakar-kandi
Tomato Tamatar
Turnip Shalgam
Water Chestnuts Indian Singhaara
Taste Expressions
Aroma Khush-boo, Sugandh
Bad Kharaab
Burnt Jalaa
Bland Feeka
Cold Thunda
Fresh Taaza
Good Bhariya … “Achha is just okay”
Gravy Tari, Rasa, Salan, Shorba
Hot Garam
Mash Bharta
Raw Kuchaa
Reeks Bad-boo
Ripe Pukka
Rotten Galaa
Salty Namkeen
Savory Chat-pata
Sharp Teekha
Sour Khatta
Stale Baasi
Sweet Meetha
Tasty Swaad
Cooking Tools
Hindi Name English/Explanation
Atta Chhalni Flour sifter
Belan Rolling pin
Bhigona Cooking pot with a lid
Chakla Stone rolling board
Chakku Knife
Chalini Sieve
Chamcha Large Spoon (Approximately Tablespoon)
Chamchi Small Spoon (Approximately half teaspoon)
Chimta Tongs
Choolah U-shaped traditional stove
Degchi Brass or Copper cooking pot, narrow neck, round bottom
Donga Large mixing or serving bowl
Ghara Large earthen pot to store food or water
Handi Earthen cooking pot, narrow neck, round bottom
Hamam Dasta Mortar & Pestle.
Imrit Baan Pickling Crock made of Porcelain
Kaddu Kas Grater
Kalchhi Spoon Ladle
Karahi Traditional Indian Wok.
Katori Small curry bowl
Palta Turner
Sancha Mould
Seekh Skewer
Sil Batta Flat black stone and a Triangular Stone to crush spices with
Surahi Long neck earthen pot used to store water
Tandoor Drum shaped clay oven
Tarazoo Weigh Scale
Tawa Iron griddle to make bread
Common Dairy Products
Chach, Mattha Churned homemade Yogurt with butter removed
Chenna Cheese similar to small curd cheese
Dahi Homemade Yogurt
Doodh Milk
Ghee Rendered butter
Khoya Reduced whole milk
Kheer Rice Pudding
Lassi Churned homemade Yogurt
Makhan Butter
Malai Cream
Paneer Cheese similar to farmer’s pot cheese
Raita Cold Yogurt Soup
Common Breads
Baati Bread looking like bun cooked over ambers in Rajasthan
Bhature Deep fried Maida flat bread
Chapati Basic whole wheat un-leavened flat bread, aka Roti
Kulcha Baked Maida flat bread
Naan Leavened flat bread baked in clay oven.
Paratha Griddle Fried flat bread
Phulka Light weight version of Basic whole wheat bread (Roti)
Poori Deep fried flat puffed bread
Poori Loach Deep fried Maida flat puffed bread
Roomali Very Very thin bread
Roti Basic whole wheat un-leavened flat bread, aka Chapati
Roti Missy Multi grain basic flat bread
Roti Makki Corn (Maze) basic flat bread
General Terms
Beverages
Chai Hot tea
Daroo Country Liquor
Kanji Fermented Carrot beverage
Paani Water
Sharab Alcohol
Shikanjami Limeade
Thandaii Sweet Beverage made with combination of seeds and nuts
Toddy Natural sap wine collected from Palm trees.
Desserts
Burfee Diamond shaped cake from reduced milk or Garbanzo flour.
Chikki Form of brittle, commonly made with peanuts or cashews
Firni Rice flour pudding
Gajak Form of Fudge, commonly made with sesame seeds
Halva-Carrot Carrot cake
Halva-Sooji Cream of wheat cake
Kheer Rice Pudding
Rasgulla Cheese balls in syrup
Miscellaneous
Achaar Pickle
Bhagar, Tarka Tempering Dal
Bharta Mashed food
Bharwa Stuffed
Bhajji Batter laced minced food Pattie
Bhujia Damp Dry Curry
Bhurji Damp Dry Curry
Bhuna Pan fried or Pan roasted
Dal Legume soup
Dhansak Parsi curry with legumes
Do Piyaz Damp curry containing half or more onions
Dosa South Indian Rice/Bean crepe
Idli South Indian Rice/Bean dumpling
Guda Pulp
Kebab Whole food roasted
Kofta Meatball shaped minced food dish
Korma (Qorma) Mild aromatic curry made with yogurt and nuts
Khameer Yeast
Khasta Flaky or crumbly
Kheer Rice Pudding
Khichree Rice and Beans cooked together
Makhni Buttery Curry
Non-vegetarian Maasahari
Pakora Deep fried fritter
Papadom Papad Thin wafer cracker
Pasanda Mild aromatic vegetable or meat curry made with yogurt
Phitkari Alum
Pickle Achar
Pilaf, Pulao Pulao  Rice cooked with Vegetables Meat spices
Rind or Peel Chilka
Rogan Josh Bright red color meat curry from Kashmir
Samosa Conical shaped deep fried stuffed pastry
Sugar Syrup Chaasni
Tari Broth like curry
Tikka Whole- muscle or chunk food roasted or baked
Tikki Minced food Patty
Vegetarian Shakahari
Vindaloo A spicy hot Portuguese style (Goa) curry
Colors
Black Kaala
Blue Neela
Brown Saanvla, Khaki
Crimson Lohit (Bloody), Gehra Lal Rung
Deeper shade Gehra Rung
Green Hara
Grey Bhoora Rung
Indigo Gehra Neela Rung
Lighter shade Halka Rung
Maroon Anaabi Rung
Orange Naarangi
Pink Gulabi
Purple Jamni
Red Lal
Saffron Kesari
Violet Baingani Rung
Yellow Peela
White Safed

Disclaimer : Like I said I did not create the list and I give the full credit to the person who made this list. He or may be She has done an awesome job here. Thanks .

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A fan of Indian Festivals and the Indian Culture. You can find Manav on , and .

4 Comments to English name of common Indian Spices and Ingredients

  1. Maybe you should change the page title English name of common Indian Spices and Ingredients to something more better for your subject you create. I enjoyed the post nevertheless.

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