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Golden rules to avoid the fire accidents

Again a fire tragedy in Kolkata! Thursday, 8th of December is the black day for all Kolkatans. AMRI is one of the most famous and multi specialty hospital of Kolkata situated in Dhakuria, south Kolkata. On Thursday around 2.15 at night, The fire began in the basement, where highly inflammable material was allegedly stored. Eyewitnesses say they first spotted and reported smoke streaming from the hospital around 3 am, but the first fire engine arrived two hours late. There were 160 people inside the hospital and most of them were sleeping.

Out of which 94 patient died because of breathing problem and suffocations. Many of them are ladies and most of them are senior citizens and patient as they could not even move also.The fire began in the basement, where highly inflammable material was allegedly stored. Eyewitnesses say they first spotted and reported smoke streaming from the hospital around 3 am, but the first fire engine arrived two hours later.

The Kolkata Municipal Corporation officials pasted a notice for cancellation of trade licence.The  fire services authorities and the police had cautioned the AMRI Hospital authorities in September about its basement and the safe guard. But AMRI has ignored the notice. As a result of this one of the most horrible accident happens in Kolkata.

 

Steps to avoid the fire accidents:

Here are some of the safeguards laid down in the National Building Code, which is mostly ignored in the country are listed below.

Fire alarm:

This is the first step to avoid the fire accident. Fire alarm always be on to activate emergency responses and warn people to evacuate or be ready for rescue.

Carbon dioxide flooding system:

A compact system of piping and carbon dioxide cylinders specifically intended to extinguish fire that may arise from electric panels within buildings by flooding the panel housing with carbon dioxide.

Sprinkler system:

Based on smoke or heat detection sensors, designed to douse the first flames and keep them from spreading.

Smoke extraction system:

They use a combination of exhaust fans and exclusive smoke ducts to exact smoke as well as prevent the accumulation of smoke, particularly in corridors. making it possible for people to escape.

Fire rated doors:

Solid Wooden doors with fire retardant paint and special chemical lining at the edge that expand during fire and create a seal that block smoke. These doors can withstand a fire for 30 minutes to 2 hours.

I think, if Amri follow these rules, many lives can be saved.


About Ashish Mohta

An analyst who writes about undiscovered,unknown and untalked topics for people who want to to know more about India and Indians.

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