Menopause is a natural point in the life of women when they have their last periods. It is the permanent cessation of ovarian function occurring some time before the end of the natural lifespan. In human females, menopause usually happens about in midlife, signaling the end of the fertile phase of a woman’s life. Women is said to go through menopause when their periods stop completely for 12 months. But before the period stopped completely stopped is a phase called menopausal transition. It is not a disease or an illness.
When does it occur ?
Menopause is a natural phenomenon in the woman’s life. World wide the average age for women having their last period is 51 years. The most common age ranging at which women experience menopause is 48-55 years. If menopause occurs in a woman younger than 40 years, it is considered to be premature. Menopause is considered late if it occurs in a woman older than 55 years. For most women, menopause is a normal occurrence. Typically, in Indians women’s menopause takes place little earlier, the average age ranging from 45 to 50 years.
What are the Symptoms?
The symptoms of Menopause may vary from woman to woman. A third of women won’t even notice transition while other may experience mild to moderate symptoms. During menopause transition years, as the body responds to the rapidly fluctuating and dropping levels of natural hormones, a number of effects may seem. Here’s the list of symptoms
Menstrual period changes : Most women experience absent, short, irregular periods at some point in their lives. A wide range of conditions can cause these symptoms, while the most common cause is hormone imbalance. The bleeding could be heavier or lighter as well. You may skip a month and then back to normal and again skip two month. Read more
Hot flashes: A hot flash is a sudden feeling of heat in the upper part of the body or may be over all, lasting for 30 second to 10 minutes. Heavy sweating and cold shivering may follow these sudden burst of heat. Because of hot flashes you may experience reddened skin, feeling a strong heart beat, increase in the pulse rate etc.
Urinary problems: You may find it harder to hold your urine and may find some leakage during exercise, coughing, laughing and sneezing. You may also notice an increase in urine infection, burning on urination, urine frequency etc.
Vaginal dryness: The Vagina thins as a result of the lack of oestrogen and sex may be painful. It is loss of moist and soft feeling of the lining which is associated with itching and irritation. You may also get vaginal infection, vaginal discharge, bleeding etc.
Sleep disturbance: You may not sleep as soundly, and sweating at night from hot flashes may wake you up. When you begin going through menopause you may find the sleep is less and less restful.
Fatigue and mood change: Fatigue, one of the most common menopause symptoms, is defined as an ongoing and persistent feeling of weakness, tiredness, and lowered energy level. This should be distinguished from drowsiness, which implies an actual urge to sleep. Fatigue involves lack of energy and not sleepiness. Suddenly you may feel that you become more sensitive and irritable than usual.
Increases in weight and depression : Rapidly increases in weight and the state of feeling sad are the major signs of the menopause.
Happening inside the body :
- Heart protecting oestrogen goes down
- Your bone lose calcium
- Your iron level goes up
- Your body fat increases and muscles mass decreases.
What you should do ?
A few simple steps that help you through up and downs:
- Boost your health habits with good nutrients and exercise.
- Choose low fat food
- Eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins and minerals
- Cut down on caffeine and alcohol
- Do regularly yoga and meditations.