Are you aware about the Cervical cancer? It is second most common cancer among the women worldwide with more than 0.5 million new cases and 2,60,000 death per year globally. Of these almost 80 per cent cases occur in the middle and lower income countries.
About cervical cancer:
Cervix cancer is a disease that affects the cervix in the female reproductive system. Cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connect vagina with the uterus. During the time of birth, the cervix dilates allows the baby to travel from uterus to vagina.
Symptoms of Cervical cancer:
It is usually a slow growing cancer that may not have the symptoms in the early stage. As the disease will get advance women may experience the following problems-
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Pelvic pain
- Vaginal discharge
- Leaking of urine
Causes of Cervical cancer :
One of the main risk for developing Cervical cancer being infected with the Human papillomavirus (HPV).HPV is the common virus that generally transmitted through sexual contact, smoking, HIV infection, having sex at an early stage, multiple sexual partners and having a weak immunity system.
How is cervical cancer treated :
The first step to treat the cervical cancer is to do a test known as Pap smear. Under this test the doctor examined the cervical cells under the microscope. After the test , according to the stage and the result the treatment methods are performed. It may be treated with surgery, radiation therapy etc. Treatment may vary from person to person.
However, Doctor across the country has been urging parents to get their young daughter vaccinated against the cancer. Global guidelines state that HPV vaccines need to be administered to a girl before she becomes sexually active. The vaccines are designed to protect against some strains of HPV that account for at least 70 per cent of cervical cancer cases across the world.
According to the National Cancer Institute, Approximately 4,600 women were projected to die in 2001 in the US of cervical cancer (DSTD), and the annual incidence was 13,000 in 2002 in the US, as calculated by SEER. As per the reports, 74,000 Indian women die because of cervical cancer annually.