National symbols of India you should know about

India is the country where different religions and cultures exist. It is the birthplace of  Hinduism, Jainism, sikhism and Buddhist  which are among the world’s major religion . If we talk about population then, India is the second most populated country after China having the population of 1,150,000,000 (1.15 billion) people.India is called the country where unity in diversity exist.It has  28 states and 7 union territories.

These symbols are intrinsic to the Indian identity and heritage. Indians of all demographics backgrounds across the world are proud of these National Symbols as they infuse a sense of pride and patriotism in every Indian’s heart.

National Symbols of India

Let us know more about Indian symbols.Many of us know about national flower, national bird or national animal but do you know about our national aquatic animal or national tree? Here are some National symbols of the country which every Indian should know:

National  Flag of India:

The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of Saffron, white, and green with the Ashok chakra , a 24-spoke wheel, in blue at its centre.The Saffron colour represent courage and sacrifice, white colour represent peace and truth and green colour at the bottom represent prosperity.The Chakra in the center is choosen as it represent as dharm and law. You can learn more about Indian Flag and exact colour details used here

National bird:

Peacock is the national bird of India. It which is a symbol of grace, joy, beauty and love.The Indian peacock is a colorful, swan-sized bird with a fan-shaped crest of feathers on its head, a white patch under the eye and a long-slender neck. We were lucky to sight a lot of Peacock in our Rajasthan Trip specially at Do Jati Temple, near JhunJhunu, though the current scenrio says that Peacock might go extinct in India soon.

National flower:

 Lotus is the national flower of India. It  symbolizes divinity, fertility, wealth, knowledge and enlightenment. It is also regarded as a symbol of triumph as it can survive to regerminate for thousands of years. Lotus represents long life, honor, and good fortune

National tree:

Banyan  is the national  tree of India.Banyan is considered one among the sacred trees.

National Fruit:

My favourite Mango is the Nationl fruit of the country.It is also called “king of the fruits”. There are more than 100 varieties of mangos in India, in a range of colors, sizes, and shapes

National  River:

River Ganga is the national river of India and it is the longest river of the country.The Ganga is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth

National Song:

Vande Matram is the national song of India. It is composed by Bankim chandra Chatterjee in Sanskrit. You can download it on your computer from here ( MP3 )

National Emblem:

The National Emblem of India has been taken from the Sarnath Lion capital erected by Ashoka. The national emblem of India was adapted by the Government of India on 26th January1950. In the National emblem only three lions are visible and the fourth one is hidden from the view. All the lions are mounted on an abacus.

National Aquatic animal:

Do you know the national aquatic animal of  India? Dolphin is the national aquatic animal. Dolphin mammal is also said to symbolize the purity of the holy river Ganga as it can only survive in pure & fresh water.

National anthem:

Jana Gana Mana  is the national anthem of  India and is composed by the late poet Rabindra nath Tagore. Download it on your computer from here ( MP3 )

National game:

Hockey is the national game of India.Our nation has an excellent record with eight Olympic gold medals. Indian hockey’s golden period was from 1928-56, when the Indian hockey team won six successive Olympic gold medals.

Currency symbol:

The currency  symbol is an amalgam of Devanagari “Ra” and the Roman Capital “R” with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the national flag and also the “equal to” sign. The Indian Rupee sign was adopted by the Government of India on 15th July, 2010.This is designed by the Uday kumar from the Indian institute of technology, Mumbai.

About Shweta Mohta

A housewife with a passion for travel, maps and India. She loves to find new places to visit, map the directions and can talk on, So you get smoother experience to Travel in India.