National symbols of India you should know about

India is a country where different religions and cultures exist. It is the birthplace of  Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Buddhists, which are among the world’s major religions. If we talk about population then, India is the second most populated country after China having a population of 1,150,000,000 (1.15 billion) people. India is called the country where unity in diversity exists. It has  28 states and nine union territories. Here is the list of National symbols India.

National symbols of India you should know about

These symbols are intrinsic to Indian identity and heritage. Indians of all demographics backgrounds across the world are proud of these National Symbols as they infuse a sense of pride and patriotism in every Indian’s heart.

  1. National  Flag of India
  2. National Bird
  3. National Flower
  4. National Tree
  5. National Fruit
  6. National River
  7. National Song
  8. National Emblem
  9. National Aquatic Animal
  10. National Anthem
  11. National Game
  12. National Currency Symbol

Let us know more about Indian symbols. Many of us know about the national flower, national bird, or domestic animal, but do you know about our national aquatic animal or national tree? Here are some National symbols of the country which every Indian should know:

National  Flag of India

The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor of Saffron, white, and green with the Ashok Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in blue at its center. The Saffron color represents courage and sacrifice, white color represents peace and truth, and green color at the bottom represent prosperity. The Chakra in the center is chosen as it represents as Dharma and Law. You can learn more about Indian Flag and exact color details used here

National Bird

Peacock is the national bird of India. It is a symbol of grace, joy, beauty, and love. The Indian Peacock is a colorful, swan-sized bird with a fan-shaped crest of feathers on its head, a white patch under the eye and a long slender neck. We were lucky to sight a lot of Peacock in our Rajasthan Trip, especially at Do Jati Temple, near JhunJhunu, though the current scenario says that Peacock might go extinct in India soon.

National symbols India

National Flower

Lotus is the national flower of India. It symbolizes divinity, fertility, wealth, knowledge, and enlightenment. It is also regarded as a symbol of triumph as it can survive to regerminate for thousands of years. Lotus represents long life, honor, and good fortune

National Tree

Banyan is the national tree of India. Banyan is considered one among the sacred trees.

National Fruit

My favorite Mango is the National fruit of the country. It is also called “king of the fruits.” There are more than 100 varieties of mangos in India, in a range of colors, sizes, and shapes.

National  River

River Ganga is the national river of India, and it is the longest river in the country. Hindus revere the Ganga as the most sacred river on earth.

National symbols India
Doodh Ganga

National Song

Vande Matram is the national song of India. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee composes it in Sanskrit. You can download it on your computer from here ( MP3 )

National Emblem

The National Emblem of India has been taken from the Sarnath Lion capital erected by Ashoka. The Government of India adopted the national emblem of India on 26th January 1950. In the National Emblem, only three lions are visible, and the fourth one is hidden from the view. All the lions are mounted on an abacus.

National Aquatic Animal

Do you know the national aquatic animal of  India? Dolphin is the national aquatic animal. Dolphin mammal is also said to symbolize the purity of the holy river Ganga as it can only survive in pure & freshwater.

National Anthem

Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of  India and is composed by the late poet Rabindra Nath Tagore.

National Game

Hockey is the national game of India. Our nation has an excellent record with eight Olympic gold medals. Indian hockey’s golden period was from 1928-56 when the Indian hockey team won six successive Olympic gold medals.

Currency Symbol

The currency symbol is an amalgam of Devanagari “Ra” and the Roman Capital “R” with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the National Flag and also the “equal to” sign. The Government of India adopted the Indian Rupee sign on 15th July 2010. It is designed by Uday Kumar from the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai.


  1. Thank you very much for this information. Let us alone students even some of our senior citizen doesn’t know the national symbols. I will disseminate this information. Thank you again.


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